For some, their knowledge of African-American scientists include Neil deGrasse Tyson, George Washington Carver and…that’s about it. There have been countless African-Americans whose contributions have greatly impacted the science field, but these five are definitely among those you need to know and celebrate!
Mae C. Jemison
Jemison has been a physician and served in the Peace Corps, but her biggest claim to fame is being the first African-American woman to travel in space as part of 1992’s NASA’s Space Shuttle Endeavour.
A short biography of Mae C. Jemison, On June 4, 1987, she became the first African American woman ever admitted into the astronaut training program. On September 12, 1992, Jemison finally flew into space with six other astronauts aboard the Endeavour on mission STS47.
Speaking of NASA, Carruthers invented the spectrograph, a special camera that captures UV images that help examines the aspects of Earth’s atmosphere and was sent to the moon on the Apollo 16 mission.
The Office of Naval Research and the Naval Research Laboratory honor Dr. George Carruthers whose groundbreaking work in far ultraviolet astronomy led to a patent for pioneering instrumentation, image convertor for detecting electromagnetic radiation, especially in short wave lengths.
Percy Julian was a pioneer chemist who is best known for his work in synthesizing various hormones that led to the creation of cortisone and corticosteroids, as well as lay the groundwork for birth control pills.
Know someone who’s received treatment for cataracts? You can likely thank Patricia Bath for their improved sight. Bath invented the Laserphaco Probe in 1986 and was the first African-American female doctor to receive a patent for a medical device.
Uploaded by Entertain_DC on 2016-02-11.
Lonnie G. Johnson
Johnson is an engineer who’s worked for the U.S. Air Force and NASA, but he’s also an inventor, and kids that grew up in the 90’s should really thank him for inventing the best water gun ever, the Super Soaker.
CNBC spot light on Lonnie Johnson inventor of the super soaker. http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blsoaker.htm The Super Soaker ® was invented in 1988 under the original name of the "Power Drencher" and a whole new era of power water squirters began.